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|Kurze Inhaltszusammenfassung auf Englisch
||About 80 percent of people are affected at some point in their lives by lower back pain, which is one of the most common neurological diseases and reasons for long-term disability in the United States. The symptoms are primarily caused by overly heavy lifting and/or overstretching of the back, leading to a rupture and an outward bulge of an intervertebral disc, which puts pressure on and pinches the nerve fibers of the spine. The most common form is a lumbar disc herniation between the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebra and between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum. In recent years the diagnosis of lower back pain has improved, mainly due to enhanced imaging techniques and imaging quality, but the surgical therapy remains hazardous. Reasons for this include low visibility when accessing the lumbar area and the high risk of causing permanent damage when touching the nerve fibers. A new approach for increasing patient safety is the segmentation and visualization of the cerebrospinal fluid in the lower lumbar region of the vertebral column. For this purpose a new fully-automatic and a semi-automatic approach were developed for separating the cerebrospinal fluid from its surroundings on T2-weighted MRI scans of the lumbar vertebra. While the fully-automatic algorithm is realized by a model-based searching method and a volume-based segmentation, the semi-automatic algorithm requires a seed point and performs the segmentation on individual axial planes through a combination of a region-based segmentation algorithm and a thresholding filter. Both algorithms have been applied to four T2-weighted MRI datasets and are compared with a gold-standard segmentation. The segmentation overlap with the gold-standard was 78.7 percent for the fully-automatic algorithm and 93.1 percent for the semi-automatic algorithm. In the pathological region the fully-automatic algorithm obtained a similarity of 56.6 percent, compared to 87.8 percent for the semi-automatic algorithm.
|Kontrollierte Schlagwörter (Deutsch):
||Verteilung , Bandscheibenvorfall
|Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch):
||Treatment , MRI , disc herniation , Segmentation
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