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Increasing the national innovative capacity: identifying the pathways to success using a comparative method

  • As national innovative capacity is one of the main drivers for long-term economic growth, several countries have tried to increase their capacity by applying a high-tech strategy and supporting this strategy with policies. A better knowledge of successful strategies could support these processes. Previous studies have identified various determinants for a high capacity, but have failed to analyze their interconnections and therefore to derive comprehensive strategies. Applying fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis to 17 European countries, we identified different paths leading to a high innovative capacity by combining various determinants. The paths were translated into innovation strategies. Rather than a single strategy, different strategies with the same outcome exist, thus allowing countries to choose the appropriate strategies on the basis of their preconditions. Applying the identified strategies to countries with a low innovative capacity, we found that the UK is strong in all areas except high-tech specialization. Ireland lacks a high share on education spending and venture capital, as do Italy and Spain, which also lack private funding and a high base of journal publications. The Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Poland, and Portugal have only a few preconditions for raising their innovative capacity._x000D_ Keywords National innovative capacity, national innovation system, innovation strategy, innovation within the European Union, innovation clusters, fsQCA

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Document Type:Article
Author:Dorian ProkschORCiD, Marcus Max Haberstroh, Andreas PinkwartORCiD
Chairs and Professorships:Chair of Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship
Year of Completion:2016
In: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 116 (2016), 256–270 DOI 10.1016/j.techfore.2016.10.009