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Determinants of hedge fund investment in corporate endgames

  • Under German law the corporate endgame process of obtaining full control over a company offers multiple investment opportunities for investors with high investment flexibility, and is therefore particularly attractive to hedge funds. This paper investigates the determinants of hedge fund investment in corporate endgame processes based on a sample of 76 endgame situations of publicly listed German companies and investment data of 326 hedge funds. Examining characteristics of investment targets, we find that hedge funds invest in companies with a non-dominant majority owner and a high stake of index funds as latter’s limited ability to react in change of control situations creates a supportive investment environment. Hedge funds are most likely to invest after takeover consummation and before announcement of a new endgame transaction. Investigating the determinants of ongoing engagement after initial investment, we find that the ownership of other institutional investors, especially hedge funds, positively affects engagement likelihood, serving as a validation of the own investment approach. Abnormal performance and trading liquidity of target stock also positively affect hedge funds’ engagement. The results indicate that the endgame process in Germany is an attractive investment opportunity for hedge funds, while their involvement also adds complexity to the corporate control process.

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Document Type:Working Paper
Author:Ludwig Dobmeier, Renata Lavrova, Bernhard SchwetzlerORCiD
Chairs and Professorships:Chair of Financial Management
Year of Completion:2020
Page Number:55
Tag:Corporate control; Corporate governance; ETF; Hedge fund; Investment determinants
Content Focus:Academic Audience
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt