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Environmental policy, innovation, and productivity growth : Controlling the effects of regulation and endogeneity

  • We analyze the eironmental regulation-productivity nexus and add to the literature in two main ways. First, shadow prices of energy and industrial energy prices are employed as relative measures of policy stringency. To ensure the robustness of the results, the model is also estimated for five alternative measures that have been applied in prior research. Second, we address the endogeneity of eironmental regulation, innovation, and trade openness. A cross-country multi-sectoral dataset is utilized, including newly industrialized countries and former transition economies. The estimates show that the positive effects of increases in eironmental policy stringency on productivity, which have often been reported in the more recent studies, change to mainly insignificant effects once simultaneity is controlled for. Hence, no support for the strong Porter Hypothesis can be found. Instead, stricter eironmental regulation fosters innovation and, therefore, has an indirect, yet not decisive, positive effect on productivity growth. Keywords: Eironmental regulation, productivity growth, innovation, shadow prices, energy prices, endogeneity

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Document Type:Article
Author:Erik HilleORCiD, Patrick Möbius
Chairs and Professorships:Chair of Macroeconomics
Parent Title (English):Environmental and Resource Economics : The Official Journal of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists
Year of Completion:2019
First Page:1315
Last Page:1355
Content Focus:Academic Audience
Peer Reviewed:Yes
Rankings:AJG Ranking / 3
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt