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Sources of emission reductions : Market and policy-stringency effects

  • International trade and economic development affect air emissions. Previous studies have decomposed their effects into scale, composition, and technique effects. While the scale and composition effects occur through market responses, the technique effect is a policy-stringency influence through the mix of eironmental policies. This study analyzes whether the market or policy-stringency effects are more prominent. Previous studies have been unable to adequately separate the market and policy-stringency effects. To independently measure the technique effect, we use two indicators of policy stringency, i.e. shadow prices of energy and industrial energy prices. These policy stringency measures are treated as endogenous. The effects on six types of air emissions are estimated utilizing a sector-specific, international panel dataset that includes newly industrialized and former transition economies. The empirical results show that the major source of emissions reductions is the policy-stringency effect through carbon-related policies. Pollution offshoring to countries with weaker carbon-related regulation has a minor role in the reduction of air emissions. Keywords: Air pollution, policy stringency, pollution offshoring, energy prices

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Document Type:Article
Author:Erik HilleORCiD, Muhammad Shahbaz
Chairs and Professorships:Chair of Macroeconomics
Parent Title (English):Energy Economics
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Year of Completion:2019
First Page:29
Last Page:43
Content Focus:Academic Audience
Peer Reviewed:Yes
Rankings:AJG Ranking / 3
VHB Ranking / B
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich gesch├╝tzt