Volltext-Downloads (blau) und Frontdoor-Views (grau)

Any signs of green growth? : A spatial panel analysis of regional air pollution in South Korea

  • Focusing on air emissions in South Korean provinces, we investigate whether economic growth has become greener since the implementation of the national green growth strategy in 2009. Given the relevance of regional elements in the economic and environmental policies, the focus lies on spatial aspects. That is, spillovers from nearby provinces are controlled for in a SLX model by means of the Han–Phillips estimator for dynamic panel data. Our results suggest mainly the existence of inverted N-shaped Environmental Kuznets curves for sulfur oxides (SOX) and total suspended particles (TSP). As the curves initially decrease strongly with increasing income, the main cleanup is achieved with the mean income level. However, abatement of the remaining TSP emissions only takes place at higher income levels. While the fixed effects estimations indicate that per capita SOX and TSP emissions have been significantly lower since 2009, the effects vanish once spatial interactions are taken into account and no evidence is found that regional economic growth has become greener. Apart from economic growth, population density and energy consumption are the main drivers of emission changes, with the latter having robust spatial spillovers. The respective spatial interactions decrease with increasing distance and become insignificant after 150 km.

Export metadata

Additional Services

Search Google Scholar


Document Type:Article
Author:Erik HilleORCiD, Bernhard LamberndORCiD, Aviral Kumar TiwariORCiD
Chairs and Professorships:Chair of Macroeconomics
Parent Title (English):Environmental and Resource Economics
Place of publication:Berlin
Publisher:Springer Nature
Year of Completion:2021
First Page:719
Last Page:760
Tag:Air emissions; Environmental Kuznets curve; Green growth; Spatial econometric model
Content Focus:Academic Audience
Peer Reviewed:Yes
Rankings:AJG Ranking / 3
SJR Ranking / Q1
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International