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Technical biofuel production and GHG mitigation potentials through healthy diets in the EU

  • Average diets in the European Union are not in line with the dietary recommendations of the World Health Organization. Too little plant-based and too much livestock-based food is consumed. Livestock production requires substantial resources and causes considerable greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE), especially methane from enteric fermentation in ruminant animals. The livestock sector produces 18% of GHGE worldwide and uses 52% of the crops supplied in dry matter within the EU. Most livestock species are relatively poor feed converters. They require multiple units of feed to produce a unit of meat, milk, or eggs. The EU-average for this food conversion ratio ranges from 1.1 for milk to 34.2 for lamb meat on a dry-matter basis (Wilkinson, 2011). In addition to the impacts on the ecosystem, excess consumption of meat is also associated with substantial health risks.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Konstantin M. Zech, Uwe A. SchneiderORCiD
Chairs and Professorships:Chair of Macroeconomics
Parent Title (English):Agricultural Systems
Issue:January 2019
Year of Completion:2019
First Page:27
Last Page:35
Tag:Biofuels; GHG mitigation; Healthy diets; Land use; Livestock emissions
Content Focus:Academic Audience
Peer Reviewed:Yes
Rankings:SJR Ranking / Q1
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich gesch├╝tzt