Volltext-Downloads (blau) und Frontdoor-Views (grau)

What comes first, technology or science? : clues from the field of energy conversion technology

  • “Technological innovation” has become a catch phrase of contemporary policy making for governments, corporations and academic organizations. For many it has become an article of faith that technological innovation is the key to solving economic, social and environmental problems, but the formula for success is not obvious. The phrase “science and technology” rolls off the tongues of policy makers, managers and researchers spontaneously, as if this is the natural order of things, but why is the converse phrase “technology and science” so rarely encountered? The orthodox view appears to be that technology is applied science, or that technological change flows naturally from scientific progress. However, what if popular preconceptions about the relationship between science and technology are misplaced? This paper addresses the question of the fundamental relationship between technology and science by first reviewing pertinent literature from the field of science, technology and society (STS) studies and by then investigating empirically the nature of the relationship in the field of energy conversion technology. It draws policy-making implications for investment in technology and science. We propose the theory of technology-conditioned science as a plausible and credible counterweight to extant commonplace presumptions that science is the precursor of technology.

Export metadata

Additional Services

Search Google Scholar


Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Author:Dmitry Smirnov, Kelvin W. WilloughbyORCiD
Chairs and Professorships:Chair of Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship
Parent Title (English):Bringing the manager back in management : AOM 2021 : 81st annual meeting of the Academy of Management, 30 July-3 August 2021 : proceedings
Issue:1 (August 2021)
Article Number:15399
Year of first Publication:2021
Conference paper : Bringing the manager back in management : AOM 2021 : 81st annual meeting of the Academy of Management, 30 July-3 August 2021 : proceedings
AOM Paper ID 15399
Content Focus:Academic Audience
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt