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The determinants of inward FDI in India in the 2000s

  • Purpose Unlike the traditional growth model of emerging markets after economic liberalization, India's inward foreign direct investment (FDI) surged paralleling its strong economic growth in the 2000s, despite the failure to establish a strong secondary sector. This creates an opportunity to deepen the conceptual and contextual understanding of the pivotal mechanisms that impel foreign multinational enterprises to invest into India and provides a natural setting to better understand the nature of its institutional, political and economic environment. Design/methodology/approach The authors develop a theory contextualized to Indian inward FDI patterns for the 2000-2017 period. The theoretical framework expands upon received investment motives, with explicit consideration given to the idiosyncrasies of developments in India's recent macro and socioeconomic environment. The authors test the hypotheses using panel data from 134 countries that invested in India, using a Hausman-Taylor estimation. Findings The authors find that India's transition toward a knowledge economy attracts asset augmenting rather than asset exploiting FDI. Investors appear to target long-term investments by gaining access to India's digital capabilities, R&D, and growing talent base with a high degree of specialization within analytics, biotechnology, engineering, or pharmaceuticals. Foreign investors do not seem to be notably deterred by infrastructural challenges nor by legal and regulatory restrictions. Originality/value By providing a new perspective on India's atheoretical economic development and FDI environment, this study offers a distinct point of comparison with regard to established hypotheses within the extant literature on FDI into emerging markets. Rethinking contemporary investment motive theory by introducing an adapted conceptual framework provides further opportunity to inform the understanding of firm strategies in similar environments.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Chris Wagner, Andrew Delios
Chairs and Professorships:Chair of International Management
Parent Title (English):Journal of Indian Business Research
Publisher:Emeral Group Publishing LTD
Year of Completion:2023
Tag:Emerging market; Foreign direct investment (FDI); India; Indian economy; International business; International economics; International management; Investment motives; Panel data analysis
Content Focus:Academic Audience
Rankings:AJG Ranking / 1
SJR Ranking / Q2
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich gesch├╝tzt