Volltext-Downloads (blau) und Frontdoor-Views (grau)

Development, design, and realization of a proficiency test for the forensic determination of shooting distances - FDSD 2015

  • Within the framework of the ENFSI Expert Working Group Firearms/GSR a novel proficiency test on the Forensic Determination of Shooting Distance – FSDS2015 - was implemented. This proficiency test was developed out of collaborative studies which were previously carried out by a number of pre-selected ENFSI laboratories. The aim of this test was to assess the laboratories’ performance in visualizing the lead patterns on a shot object, and compare the questioned patterns with provided test shot patterns. The participating laboratories were requested to estimate the presumed shooting distance following their individual laboratory specific methods (SOPs) for shooting distance / muzzle-to-target determination. The submitted results were compiled by means of z scores according to the IUPAC and EURACHEM guidelines, and an extended statistical evaluation was performed. This is one of the first proficiency tests in the field of qualitative forensic methods where z scores were successfully utilized. This paper summarizes the results of the study and presents the overall performance of the participating laboratories.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Additional Services

Search Google Scholar


Document Type:Article
Author:Ludwig Niewöhner, Martin Barth, Dieter Neimke, Silke Latzel, Amalia Stamouli, Bart Nys, Lawrence Gunaratnam, Kira Fries, Steffen Uhlig, Henning Baldauf
Parent Title (English):Forensic Chemistry
First Page:22
Last Page:30
Year of first Publication:2016
Date of final exam:2016/07/04
Release Date:2022/11/18
Tag:ENFSI; GSR; ISO 5725; Z scores; chemographic coloring; chromophoric reaction; firearms; forensic science; gunshot residues; lead distribution; muzzle-to-target distance; proficiency testing; shooting distance determination; sodium rhodizonate; statistical evaluation
Research Departments:Optische Materialien
Open Access:Open Access
Signature:INM 2016/75
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International