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Influence of core size and capping ligand of gold nanoparticles on the desorption/ionization efficiency of small biomolecules in AP-SALDI-MS

  • Gold nanoparticles (AuNP) are frequently used in surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (SALDI-MS) for analysis of biomolecules because they exhibit suitable thermal and chemical properties as well as strong surface plasmonic effects. Moreover, the structures of AuNP can be controlled by well-established synthesis protocols. This was important in the present work, which studied the influence of the nanoparticles’ structures on atmospheric pressure (AP)-SALDI-MS performance. A series of AuNP with different core sizes and capping ligands were investigated, to examine the desorption/ionization efficiency (DIE) under AP-SALDI conditions. The results showed that both the AuNP core size as well as the nature of the surface ligand had a strong influence on DIE. DIE increased with the size of the AuNP and the hydrophobicity of the ligands. Chemical interactions between ligand and analytes also influenced DIE. Moreover, we discovered that removing the organic ligands from the deposited AuNP substrate layer by simple laser irradiation prior to LDI further amplified DIE values. The optimized AuNP were successfully used to analyze a wide arrange of different low molecular weight biomolecules as well as a crude pig brain extract, which readily demonstrated the ability of the technique to detect a wide range of lipid species within highly complex samples.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Zhen Liu, Peng ZhangORCiD, Andrea PyttlikORCiD, Tobias KrausORCiD, Dietrich A. VolmerORCiD
Parent Title (English):Analytical Science Advances
First Page:210
Last Page:220
Year of first Publication:2020
Release Date:2022/09/23
Funding Information:China Scholarship Council
DDC classes:600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 660 Technische Chemie
Open Access:Open Access
Signature:INM 2020/054
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell 4.0 International