Volltext-Downloads (blau) und Frontdoor-Views (grau)

Differential cell reaction upon Toll-like receptor 4 and 9 activation in human alveolar and lung interstitial macrophages

  • Background: Investigations on pulmonary macrophages (MF) mostly focus on alveolar MF (AM) as a well-defined cell population. Characteristics of MF in the interstitium, referred to as lung interstitial MF (IM), are rather ill-defined. In this study we therefore aimed to elucidate differences between AM and IM obtained from human lung tissue. Methods: Human AM and IM were isolated from human non-tumor lung tissue from patients undergoing lung resection. Cell morphology was visualized using either light, electron or confocal microscopy. Phagocytic activity was analyzed by flow cytometry as well as confocal microscopy. Surface marker expression was measured by flow cytometry. Toll-like receptor (TLR) expression patterns as well as cytokine expression upon TLR4 or TLR9 stimulation were assessed by real time RT-PCR and cytokine protein production was measured using a fluorescent bead-based immunoassay. Results: IM were found to be smaller and morphologically more heterogeneous than AM, whereas phagocytic activity was similar in both cell types. HLA-DR expression was markedly higher in IM compared to AM. Although analysis of TLR expression profiles revealed no differences between the two cell populations, AM and IM clearly varied in cell reaction upon activation. Both MF populations were markedly activated by LPS as well as DNA isolated from attenuated mycobacterial strains (M. bovis H37Ra and BCG). Whereas AM expressed higher amounts of inflammatory cytokines upon activation, IM were more efficient in producing immunoregulatory cytokines, such as IL10, IL1ra, and IL6. Conclusion: AM appear to be more effective as a non-specific first line of defence against inhaled pathogens, whereas IM show a more pronounced regulatory function. These dissimilarities should be taken into consideration in future studies on the role of human lung MF in the inflammatory response.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar


Document Type:Article
Author:Jessica HoppstädterORCiD, Britta Diesel, Robert Zarbock, Tanja Breinig, Dominik Monz, Marcus Koch, Andreas Meyerhans, Ludwig Gortner, Claus-Michael LehrORCiD, Hanno Huwer, Alexandra K. KiemerORCiD
Parent Title (English):Respiratory Research
Year of first Publication:2010
Release Date:2022/11/18
Tag:DNA; IL-10; dendritic cells; flow-cytometry; gene-expression; identifaiction; lipopolysaccharide; methylation; monocytes; mycobacteria
Impact:02.859 (2010)
Groups:Physikalische Analytik
Open Access:Open Access
Signature:INM 2010/070
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International