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Silica Nanoparticles for Intracellular Protein Delivery: a Novel Synthesis Approach Using Green Fluorescent Protein

  • In this study, a novel approach for preparation of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-doped silica nanoparticles with a narrow size distribution is presented. GFP was chosen as a model protein due to its autofluorescence. Protein-doped nanoparticles have a high application potential in the field of intracellular protein delivery. In addition, fluorescently labelled particles can be used for bioimaging. The size of these protein-doped nanoparticles was adjusted from 15 to 35 nm using a multistep synthesis process, comprising the particle core synthesis followed by shell regrowth steps. GFP was selectively incorporated into the silica matrix of either the core or the shell or both by a one-pot reaction. The obtained nanoparticles were characterised by determination of particle size, hydrodynamic diameter, ζ-potential, fluorescence and quantum yield. The measurements showed that the fluorescence of GFP was maintained during particle synthesis. Cellular uptake experiments demonstrated that the GFP-doped nanoparticles can be used as stable and effective fluorescent probes. The study reveals the potential of the chosen approach for incorporation of functional biological macromolecules into silica nanoparticles, which opens novel application fields like intracellular protein delivery.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Sarah Schmidt, Isabella Tavernaro, Christian Cavelius, Eva Weber, Alexander Kümper, Carmen B. Schmitz, Jana Fleddermann, Annette KraegelohORCiD
Parent Title (English):Nanoscale Research Letters
Year of first Publication:2017
Release Date:2022/11/18
Impact:03.125 (2017)
Scientific Units:Nano Cell Interactions
Open Access:Open Access
Signature:INM 2017/116
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International