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Plant leaves as templates for soft lithography

  • We report a simple fast, practical and effective method for the replication of the complex venation patterns of natural leaves into PDMS with accuracy down to a lateral size of 500 nm. Optimising the amount of crosslinker enabled the replication and sealing of the microvascular structures to yield enclosed microfluidic networks. The use of plant leaves as templates for soft lithography was demonstrated across over ten species and included reticulate, arcuate, pinnate, parallel and palmate venation patterns. SEM imaging revealed replication of the plants microscopic and sub-microscopic topography into the PDMS structures, making this method especially attractive for mimicking biological structures for in vitro assays. Flow analysis revealed that the autonomous liquid transport velocity in 1 st -order microchannel was 1.5-2.2 times faster than that in the 2 nd -order microchannels across three leaf types, with the sorptivity rule surprisingly preserved during self-powered flow through leaf-inspired vascularity from Carpinus betulus.

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Document Type:Article
Author:Wenming Wu, Rosanne M. Guijt, Yuliya E. SilinaORCiD, Marcus Koch, Andreas ManzORCiD
Parent Title (English):RSC Advances
First Page:22469
Last Page:22475
Year of first Publication:2016
Release Date:2022/11/18
Impact:03.108 (2016)
Groups:Chemische Analytik
Physikalische Analytik
Open Access:Open Access
Signature:INM 2016/29
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International